Gundagai (Cootamundra-Tumut) An Aboriginal word derived from "Gundabandoo-Bingee". Gunda, "sinews at back of knee"; Bingee, "cut with a tomahawk", together manning "Cut with tomahawk at back of knee".

Gundagai - New South Wales, Australia

GundagaiJuly2005 - The town and the Murrumbidgee floodplain in July 2005. The Hume Highway can be seen in the middle distance.

Location in New South Wales

Population: 1926 [1]

Established: 1838

Postcode: 2722

Elevation: 232 m (761 ft)

Location: ? 390 km (242 mi) from Sydney

? 95 km (59 mi) from Canberra

LGA: Gundagai Shire Council

County: Clarendon

State District: Burrinjuck

Federal Division: Riverina

Mean Max Temp Mean Min Temp Annual Rainfall

22.4 °C

72 °F 8.6 °C

47 °F 713.6 mm

28.1 in

Gundagai is a town in New South Wales, Australia. Although a small town, Gundagai is a popular topic for writers and has become a representative icon of a typical Australian country town.

Located along the Murrumbidgee River and Muniong, Honeysuckle, Kimo, Mooney Mooney, Murrumbidgee and Tumut mountain ranges, Gundagai is 390 kilometres (240 mi) south-west of Sydney, the state capital and largest city in Australia. Gundagai is the administrative centre of Gundagai Shire Council local government area. At the 2011 census the population of Gundagai was 1,926.

The town's population was 1,997 in 2001 and 2,064 in 1996

Gundagai is an inland town with an elevation of 250 metres (820 ft).

Almost all of the shire is located in the South-West Slopes bioregion and is part of the Riverina agricultural region. The eastern part of the shire is considered part of the South Eastern Highlands bioregion.

North Gundagai is situated on top of significant, Jindalee Group, Cambrian period geology from which the chrysotile asbestos bearing Gundagai serpentinite originates[7] also indicating prehistoric links to the Gondwana supercontinent.

Origin of name

The name 'Gundagai' may derive from 'Gundagair', an 1838 pastoral run in the name of William Hutchinson[9] to the immediate north of current day Gundagai. The Aboriginal word 'gair' was recorded at Yass in 1836 by George Bennett (naturalist) and means 'bird', as in budgerigar or good bird. In that context 'Gundagai' means place of birds but that placename may refer to the area to the north of Gundagai not to Gundagai town. The word 'Gundagai' is also said to mean cut with a hand-axe behind the knee.[10] - (Ref-

Gundagai Names List 1872
Gundagai South Names List 1872
Gundagai Flood INDEX
Gundagai bushfires
Gundagai Stock Board - 1890 - 1896
Gundagai Closer Settlement - 1903
Gundagai District News - 1877

Index to Squatters and Graziers - Date Surname First Name Station Description Citation Remarks

1847 Spenser J Gundagai - Henry Bingham Esq County of Murray NRS 906 [X812]; Reel 2748-2749, Page 47 Superintendent: J Spenser. - (Ref- to Squatters and Graziers&id=70&frm=1&query=Station:gundagai).

Early on Wednesday morning last the death occurred of Mr John Slavin, sen., at the age of 54 years. For the past 12 months deceased had resided in Gundagai, but previously he had been a resident of Brungle. The body was brought to Tumut on Thursday by car and interred in the R.C. portion of the new cemetery, Rev. Father Kinane officiating.

Deceased leaves a widow and three grown-up children. (Ref-

1902 - GUNDAGAI. Tuesday. -

Uneasiness is felt by stockowners in the Gundagai district on account of the mortality amongst cattle. The stock inspector attributed the deaths to congestion of the liver. There have been a great many deaths in different parts of the district. Some cattle-owners say that a poisonous thistle is the cause, then that it is " blackleg".


Early Family Hotel 1856

In the early days of settlement the establishment of towns followed a typical pattern. They were sited along the watercourses, particularly at a crossing place, that were found by explorers, or settlers moving stock.

Among the first buildings to be erected were those of a blacksmith, a general store and an inn.

The latter acted as a meeting place and post office, supplying information, refreshments and lodging to weary travelers.

Gundagai was no exception to this pattern; the original businesses, included four hotels, were located on the floodplain of the Murrumbidgee River along the route to the crossing place.

This was despite previous floods and warnings by aboriginals in the area. Inevitably the township was completely destroyed by the devastating flood of 1852, in which 89 people perished, and another in the following year.

The lesson finally learnt, the town moved up the slope of Mt.Parnassus.

The land on which The Family Hotel stands, Lot 4 and part of Lot 5 in Sheridan Street, was originally granted to Thomas Lindley, although it is not clear whether he purchased it or exchanged it for land on the flood plain.

Lindley sold it to John Jenkins Jnr. of Nangus Station in 1858. Jenkins had first come through the Gundagai district with his family to take up land in the Wagga Wagga and Narranderra areas.

He later returned with his brother Francis and purchased the huge Nangus Station from John McArthur in 1854. This partnership was dissolved 1868 when John retained sole ownership of Nangus and Francis took over the remaining properties of "Buckinbong", "Gillenbah","Yanco","Little Swamp" and "Morundah stations".

John Jenkins rapidly acquired interests in many industries and businesses in the Gundagai area, including four hotels in South Gundagai.

The Gundagai Hotel in north Gundagai (Family Hotel) was built about 1858 by Jenkins.

He was typical of many squatters who had financial interests in inns and local businesses. Jenkins disappeared mysteriously from the scene about 1898 after the Bank of New South Wales took over the management of the property in 1892. He too was a victim of the depression of the 1890’s, possibly from over extending his credit from the many ventures he entered into, together with poor seasons, rabbit plagues and pleuro-pneumonia epidemic.

Little is known of his fortunes after leaving the district, other than that he died in the latter part of 1899. A very interesting personality and early pioneer, John Jenkins deserves greater attention than time and space allow here.


Once established along watercourses, towns required more than passing trade to provide potential for growth. They arose in response to the activities of the immediate region and were in turn reinferred by them. Continued growth, then, depended on the amount and nature of the traffic and settlement of the hinterlands. The impetus to re-establishment of Gundagai on the slopes of Mt.Parnassus after the 1852 flood, was provided by the discovery of gold in Ballarat in 1851.

The tremendous and sudden increase in traffic as miners hurried to the diggings brought prosperity and increasing importance to Gundagai as the only river crossing. Thus the period from the Hotel’s erection in 1858 to about 1870 was a boom time, for this was also the era of the first gold discoveries in the local district.

There was plenty of money about from the stimulus in trade. However, the part the pastoral industry played in the prosperity of the area must not be overlooked.

While gold strikes came and went in surges, the pastoral industry was consistently growing and gaining widespread reputation. Buyers came from far afield to purchase stock and considerable profit was also realised from selling stock on the goldfields, both in Gundagai and in Victoria. The pastoral industry, then, was the core of the Hotel’s regular trade.

The location of the Family Hotel has had important implications for its popularity and the volume of its business. Situated at the northern end of town, it was the first Hotel in the town area proper that traffic passed on its way to the crossing. The impressive two-story building was located on the northern side of Sheridan Street, against the gentle slope of Mt.Parnassus.

In addition, the main street in the early days turned up Kitchener (then known as Wilhelm) Street, then into Punch Street. This area was the main business centre and was lined with shops, so the Hotel was in an excellent position to take advantage of this factor as well. Country people were accustomed to coming to town on Saturdays to conduct business and shop. They used the Hotel as a base, depositing their purchases and gathering for a meal before going home.

Together these factors gave it an important psychological and strategical advantage.

The only regular transport at this time was provided by a coach service to Wagga Wagga, Sydney and Tumut, the number of weekly services varied over the years.

The Hotel served as away station for the coaches, allowing a spell for the horses and refreshments or accommodation for passengers. In response to this clientele, resting houses had to meet higher expectations of service and lodging with the result that every town had one hotel for the “upper class”, frequently called The Royal, and one or two less opulent but highly respectable hotels for the less affluent. The Gundagai Hotel was one of these.

A reminder of those days when travel and communication was by stage coach was uncovered in 1981 when, during the course of repainting, the original Cobb & Co. booking office sign came to light beside the bar room door. Cobb & Co. used the front room near the bar as a booking office for a period of time, but has not been possible to substantiate when or for what length of time. However, there are many false assumptions associated with the romantic legend of Cobb & Co. which captured the spirit of Australia’s colonial days and was immortalised in Lawson’s famous poem “The Lights of Cobb & Co.” The reality is less romantic but demonstrates good business sense and imagination.

American Freeman Cobb came to Australia in 1853 with three of his friends, who like himself were also drivers of stage coaches. (Ref- This page contain the research efforts of M/s Nancy Dixon, History student in 1982.)


The following country lots will be Sold at the undermentioned place on the 8th day of February at the upset price of £1 5s. per acre.


Lot A 40a, county Buccleueh, parish Bungongo, lying about a quarter of a mile northerly, from

It. Givney portion No. 4 of 109a,

parish Adjunbilly;

Cotway run.

Suburban Lots.-B 2a (£8 per lot), 1a Or 5p (£4 2s Gd per lot), D la Or 6p (£4 3s per lot, county Clarendon, parish North Gundagai, situated in the northern environ of the town of Gundagai.


Lot A 66a, parish Wereboldera,

situated between the left bank of the Tumut River and C. Brown's portion No. 3 of 200a. B, C, D, and 15, 40a each, county Wynyard, parish Gadara, adjacent to and near the north-cast boundaries of Robert Downing jun, conditional purchase portion No. 92 of 16Oa of Gocup run, - (Ref- Wagga Wagga Advertiser (NSW : 1875 - 1910)(about) Previous issue Saturday 31 December 1881 Next issue Previous page Page 1).

1845 - GUNDAGAI. - JANUARY 14.- Harvest is generally completed in this district, and I am sorry to say that nearly all the late wheat which promised so large a yield has been seriously injured by rust and blight, consequent, I imagine, on the sudden changes of the atmosphere which we have experienced since the date of my last communication.

Christmas Day was excessively hot here; but about nine o'clock in the evening a sudden change took place, a cold cutting wind sprung up from the eastward, so piercing as to compel the closing of doors and windows, and additional clothing on beds and persons.

The change was instantaneous, and the result general catarrhal affections of rather a severe kind amongst the beds of the district. The weather, however, again set in fierce and fiery until Sunday, the 29th, and on the night of that day succeeded a sharp frost, so sharp that at daylight on Monday the reapers could scarce work.

This very unseasonable chance caught the late wheat in the "milk," or half ripe state, and injured it seriously. I am aware that many writers on the subject date the existence of "rust" as primeval with the vegetation of the seed, and the seed itself, and maintain that it cannot be considered as a subsequent epidemic, if I may so speak; but in this particular instance I can vouch for the fact, that up to Sunday night the late wheat here was of a most splendid appearance, and healthy to a degree, whilst on Monday P.M. it had changed its aspect altogether, and looked uncommonly dark, which attracted my attention at a distance, and on inspection I found it covered from root to ear with rust, so thick, as in places to obscure the stem.

It ripened very quickly, and the grain had the appearance of wheat two or three years old, or which had been " stack burnt;" it was, in fact, only about two-thirds of the size it would have been had it not been rusted, and had the rust struck it earlier, we should not have had a grain. I attribute this solely to the frost, and i the same effect was produced on the natural grasses, in low situations, where the late flood had left much deposit; all the grass, in fact, upon our flats, is destroyed by it, and in walking through it, your "nether garments" are covered with a ferruginous dust, which will not wash out, but stains like iron mould.

We want rain badly here, and the weather is very oppressive, thermometer at 95° degrees in the shade ; bush fires are prevalent, and this, added to the parching heat, will soon produce a serious effect on our cattle runs if rain does not fall.

The body of a Mr. Payne, a resident grazier near the Murray, was found dead last week in a water hole- whether the act which resulted in his death was murderous or a purely accidental occurrance has not yet transpired.

The fresh arrangements for running the mail twice a week, under the management of the new contractor, commenced on Monday, the 6th instant, when we had the first post from Sydney. Mr. Green's appliances "are very creditable," and there is no doubt of his performing his contract with every credit to himself.

The mill at Gundagai is so far forward towards completion, that the proprietor will commence grinding on or about the 1st March.

The meteor described so fully in your various correspondence was seen here agreeably to time, position, and appearance, as detailed by you. The Comet has been visible every night since it was first seen here by us.

The news of O'Connell's liberation has caused a little display of repeal influence here amongst the natives of the " Green Isle." January l8,- A report had obtained general credence in Gundagai, that Mr. Commissioner Bingham, of the Tumut, had been in correspondence with the Governor on the subject of a removal of the township from its present site to the opposite or south-westein bank of the Murrumbidgee.

This is now placed beyond all doubt, Mr. Bingham having shown one of the inhabitants of Gundagai the Governor's letter on the subject. A letter to his Excellency the Governor from the Gundagaites is being got up, praying a suspension of all decision on his part, until a memorial can be prepared from the District generally, all the inhabitants of which are loud against the measure prayed for by the Commissioner.

The township of Gundagai is situated on the upperside of an almost semi circular bend of the river, and is divided nearly equally by a water course or creek, which flows from the Murrumbidgee on the eastern side of the village, traversing it, and entering the river again on the western side. The south western boundary of the township is the river, and the north eastern allotments rest on and extend up: a range the only point of safety in the late flood; that portion of the village lying between the creek alluded to and the river (and at present the only portion inhabited) is intersected by channels from the creek, and during the late flood was from this cause covered with water. Now, the portion from the creek to the range is undulatory and above high water mark, and not more than 120 rods from the river, has been surveyed and is open for sale.

It is to this portion of the township the inhabitants are desirous of removing their goods and chattels, and 16 or 17 allotments are already applied for by them; but owing to some question of finance between the Governor and the Surveyor, Mr. Larmer, they cannot yet be sold, the squares not being marked off into allotments. It is the intention of the inhabitants to memorialize for an exchange of allotments to this spot, and which the Governor cannot, we should think, refuse, seeing that one half of the site of the present township is untenable in flooded seasons.

The two scoundrels who have so long annoyed the residents on the Lower Murrumbidgee, are at length apprehended. Two of our Commissioners (Beckham's) troopers passed here with them, in custody, a few days back. Too much credit cannot be accorded to these men for their untiring perseverance in pursuance of these villains, and the circumstances of the capture redeems, to a great extent, the general character of the border Police for apathy and want of energy. The two troopers in question followed the robbers many hundred miles, and came upon them at the junction of the Lachlan with the Murrumbidgee. They were in company with about 400 wild blacks who decamped with a " sauve qui peut," as soon as the carbines made their appearance. The fellows had a number of cattle with them, and were regaling the aboriginals with fresh beef daily, as their wants demanded.

This would appear to be in order to quiet the savages, and induce them to consent to their departure, they being en route to Adelaide. It was very questionable policy however. The Police took three horses from them, belonging to Messrs. Oakes and Dallas. The cattle principally belonged to Messrs. Rudd and Oakes. The men were well armed, and largely furnished with tea, sugar, flour, ammunition, ete. The settlers hereabouts ought to raise a small sum for the benefit of the troopers, to mark their sense of a due performance of duty, in contrast to that carelessness which too strongly marks the character of the border Police generally.

Mr. Wall, Curator of the Sydney Museum, has been sometime in our neighbourhood, collecting specimens in ornithology and has Succeeded in classing many new species, as well as establishing some interesting distinctions between well known varieties of this district, and birds of the same class inhabiting other ports of the country. There is a wide field open for the naturalist in this splendid part of the country, and Mr. Wall has roamed it and gleaned its curiosities with untiring exertion.

The weather has undergone a vast change here since yesterday, up to which period it had been suffocatingly hot. Last evening a strong north west gale set in, which veered round to south west towards night, and was accompanied by some thunder and rain. The night subsequently became intensely cold, and the wind blew in strong gusts from the eastward. To-day is clear, and uncommonly cold for the period of the year, and the wind is all round the compass, and rain is very badly wanted here now. The showers last night I hope have extinguished the bush fires, as no smoke obscures the atmosphere to-day. - (Ref- The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954)(about) Previous issue Wednesday 22 January 1845).

This town was to become closely associated with the development of Tumut.

SETTLEMENT OF GUNDAGAI - with reference made to the Tumut District and it's early settlers and history.

Gundagai - It is thought the town's name derives from the Wiradjuri Aboriginal peoples' word 'gundabandoobingee' which has been interpreted as meaning 'cut with a hand-axe behind the knee'. It is generally believed that either something was lost in the translation, or the original word or words from which it originated were not recorded accurately. - (Ref-


Agriculturally speaking, Bombowlee is one of the richest spots in New South Wales. It is a select but not "selected" little plain on the river, opposite Tumut, and was purchased before selection became law. As a sample of crops this year I may mention that Mr. M'Gillvray's farm on the Gilmore produced 43 bushels to the acre.

Tumut boasts an excellent school house, and the teacher, I am given to understand by the parents, is the right man in the right place.

The school is mixed, and has an infant school attached, and also a separate room for the ministers of various denominations to withdraw their various flocks for religious instruction.

The ministers in attendance are -

Church of England, once a week ;

Presbyterian, once a fortnight.

The school is well supplied with maps and school requisites; and, if I must criticise, it is not so much with regard to this school in particular, as speaking to the Board itself,

In my plan of a school desk, I would include a shelf, four inches below the desk, and parted by a partition at every fifteen inches, to hold books, slates, and pencils the whole class could then produce, or away with their hooks or slates at the word of command, instantly, and without noise or confusion, and fifteen minutes a day could be saved by this method over that I see generally adopted.

I also venture to think four rows of desks too deep for a sufficient control over the classes by the respective teachers, and the standards of the desks having supported by four brackets is a mistake, as that one of the four which reaches the Bitting-form, often throws a boy headlong so he passes out; this is not required.

There several lavatorys is an excellent idea. The number on the roll for the past year is 85, and the average attendance reaches 00.4

Cortain whisky brones, finding a strange apparition in Tumut, attempted to create a little excitement; but your correspondent was not to be caught. What shall I say there are fourteen hotels in Tumut: I need say no more.

Bidding adout to the beautiful scenery of the Tumut, we pass up the Gilmore, and come among free selectors and a vineyard. At Mr. Blake's I had the opportunity of going to extinguish a bush fire, and when I got to Adelong it was dark the Adelong is a mining and rocky district, and the Upper Adelong, Seventy-six miles from the roofs and thirty from Tumut, is a mountain country.

Here again I come on fine timber, wild hop, and delicious running streams and races; the soil is good and the atmosphere delightful; the timber affords Uno Blindo, and the air is of that nature that makes the inhaling of it an appetite and life of pleasure Adams's is passed and Uppor Tumberumba reached, where ground-sluicing is still going on; this is eighteen miles from Watson's, Uppor Adelong; from about here the ground falls to Lower Tumberumba, or the township, seven miles down the creek, where the mountains go back, and a quiet village of some 120 inhabitants succeeds; houses, granite, and abandoned ground being, to nil appearance, equal tenants of the valley. This piuco /ms been lively one hotel taking us much us £173 in one day, and emptying a hogs head of brandy a fortnight. This innocent and lucrative occupation, Uke Othello's, is gone, and pcoco, Uko n porpotuol Subbnth, broods over the spot. Travelling sheep, however, occasionally kick up a dust, and on this trafile the village is said mainly to depend increase of population around will doubtless improve the trade of the place.

From Tumberumba to Albury, by the direct road, is eighty miles by the way I chose it is 10C. Here it is five miles to the Burra Station (cattle), Bartholomew's; thence by a bridle track, crossing the junction of Paddy River with the Tumberumba Creek, it is ten miles to Tooma, Mr Green's station, the range here being liberally sprinked with grass trees, but entirely bare of grass. The extensive and fertile flat on which the homestead stands has been formed by three auriferous streams, the Tumberumba, Waragle, and the Mannus; these have all been worked for gold, and it is highly probable that this locality is auriferous also. The ranges on its eastern side exhibit a line of baldness near their summit, which extends from one to the other, though broken by a deep gully between.

This has a peculiar appearance, something like a natural tonsura. High over them tower the Curgill Ranges, of which Kosciusko (7300 foot) is the crowning summit. These are forty miles distant from Tooma to their base, and the day I saw them were obscured by the smoke of fires rolling across the Murray from Victoria; on a clear day there must be a splendid view from here. The motor I have previously mentioned was soon at Tooma, resembling a mixed mass of liquid fire poured out on the sky; the light of which histed about one minute.

I was shown the contents of a hen's gizzard at this station, and counted 125 different samples of, what I took to he glass, but so changed either by the digestive powers of the defunct hen, or by fire, that they were difficult to recognise as such. 1 took a few to Albury, and on trial at Mr.-, they were found to be glass, or something equally worthless.

From Tooma to Woleregang (M'Donald's), is eight miles, and this is about the principal cattle station on the Upper Murray. Another fino grass flat surrounds this homestead, and the Murray rattles along over its rocky hod half-a-mile off, and on the opposite side everywhere appears the smoke of bush fires, rolling between the ranges at every distance from green to blue; and some of them advancing to the water's edge. The volume of water going down the river at woloregang is about equal to the Yarra at Melbourne, at the sametime of year,And is formed by the junction of the Swampy River and the Indi heading, from Kosciusko, and Hawing almost parallel to one another, an opposite sides of a long leading spur coming down from the mountain and ending at 'Possum Point.

This is a roughish country, cool in winter and never distressingly hot; it has long been taken up, however, in stations, and tracks extend through the scrub in every direction. A track has been blazed by the surveyors' into GippsLand, passing near 'Possum Point hut no trigono- metrical or other survey has as yet laid down the exact position of Kosciusko and the sources of the Murray. Prospectors for gold have pushed their way far up and tell me that it is a very likely looking country: but the winters are long and severe.

From Upper Tumberumba the ground has heen falling all the way and the atmosphere getting hotter and every little gully, which in the mountains ran with cold spring water has become dust for a distance of eighty five miles, from Woleragang to Albury; Dora Dora is the only place that contributes any water to the Murray from the New South Wales side at present.

On the Victoria side it receives two streams - the Little River and the Mitta Mitta, Geologically, the whole distance is divided amongst three rocks-granite, slate, and perphyry. The glittering granite of Tumberumba extends down the river to Jinjellac and Copabelln; then comes on a bolt of slate some miles in width, then granite again, and from some miles above Dora Dora, propertry.

Eight miles below Ourenoo (Mr. Emsley's) specimens have been picked up, which I saw; and the stratum of slate appears to abound in quartz. I found a reef in the porphyry, or on the edge of it; the first stone I picked up contained gold, twelve miles below Dora Dora, which is forty miles from Albury.

Then came Talmalmo (Mr. Smithwick's); Mugweo and Cumberoona (Mr. Hoare's); and "Wilgara", with Bungel on the opposite side, twenty-five miles from Albury-Cumberoona being sixteen miles. Free selectors are found here and there all the way down, but they now become thick, and the fences, tracks, gates, and panels are a caution. The various designs for passage through the fences are amusing : first, a wide gate with a picket alongside for foot passengers and horsemen; then a double gate without the picket; then a wide gate only; then the slip panels of the selectors, with or without pegs; some gates hinged or revolved, tenon and mortico fushion, in and underneath a broad projecting cap spiked to the gate-post; some large posts were protected from the sun by some inches of neatly cut sod of soil; of these ideas the picket is the best, giving the least trouble to shut again, and consequently most likely to he done.

The climate gets drier and drier and the feed more brown and thin as you descend the river, until you can scarcely credit your eyesight, the change from Tumberumba to Dora Dora is so startling. You have left a land of rich grass, and streams of rushing water, cool with the shade of lofty trees and alive with birds and wild wilderness of perphyritic rocks and naked earth, where the very flits occupy the shady side of the horse, and the stones you descend to examine scorch like a hot-poker.

True the Murray is close by; so are snakes, rocks, and snags-besides, bathing in the sun is useless. I may as well mention that while sitting on a log, giving the horse a spell, the animals around forget me altogether; jays came almost within arms length, apparently watching somothing else, and conversing, interested about it. I looked and soon perceived a ripple in the little lagoon, and above the ripple a little head; presently the little head went to land, diving under dead sticks, leaves, and timber, and drew after it a black body four feet long, passing under the jays, who seemed in no ammo, but leisurely stirvoyed his snakeship as he passed under. I thought it was my turn now, but seeing an enemy, stick in hand, he put on all steam, and entered the log I was sitting on, near. I then amused myself with a cow, who couldn't make me out at all, but did nothing, for ten minutes, but stare and sometimes shake her head; at one of her most intent and abstracted moments, I slowly rose and extended my arms and legs in the form of a St. Andrew's cross; the cow became fearfully excited, rushed up and down between two trees, like a wild beast in the zoological den, tail erect where upon, I mounted and walked off.

The flats of the river are crowded with cattle, in the forms, under the trees, in the ooze, and in the water, and very picturesque they look, a landscape or animal paiiiter might do a more idle thing than stroll up this river for sketches from nature. In the lagoons below "Woloregang ducks are abundant, and, of a horseman, nothing shy; they would be well got at behind the horse.

It is interesting to note the characteristic differences between the two rivers-the Murray and Murrumbidgee-their geological formations, their banks, soils, and vegetation. The Murrumbidgee, so far and so deep in soil; the Murray, so sandy and so light; the Murrumbidgee banks so steep, the Murray so accessiblo and easy, and the striking contrast of the dark swamp oaks of the Murrumbidgee, with the ferns and acacias of the Hume.

Two causes, I venture to think, account for this; the boundary river flows mainly at right angles to the lay of the rocks beneath; the Murrumbidgee with or along them and the longer river travels over the limestones, without which no soils are permanent.

The river track joins the main southern road at Bowna (12-mile Creek), and in looking back one is apt to wonder why a road has not been made and a river front reserved from Albury upwards; the postal arrangements seem of the scantiest, there being none between Bowna and Jinjellac, a distance of sixty miles; the inhabitants crossing into Victoria for much of their correspondence. - (Ref- Empire (Sydney, NSW : 1850 - 1875)(about) Previous issue Friday 18 March 1870).

Lambing is progressing favourably under genial skies, and should the present state ot, the weither continuo a fortnight longer, this maj be considered the most propitious season we have enjoyed for years The demand for extra hands at this busy period has absorbed all the surplus labour of the district, and wages, which were rapidly coming down, have not undergone a change for the lost fortnight It is not anticipated that any material alteration will take place in present rates until after the shearing is completed, and the harvests are housed, when a rapid fall is expected.

One of the greatest improvements that has ever been effected in any district beyond the boundaries his latterly been completed at the Tumut by the agency and sole enterprise of tin. most energetic and liberal of the settlers of tint locality A substantiil and handsome bridge has been thrown across the Tumut River, which, at that particular spot, is inferior only to the Murrumbidgee, and flows with much greater rapidity The traffic across this stream has been always great and indeed it is the principal thoroughfare of the locality, if not of the district.

The ford, however, is a very dangerous one from the strength of the current, the force and depth of which is continually imersed by the mountain torrents, which, after heavy rains, pour down the precipitous ranges characterising that part of the country, and swell the river so suddenly that the murmuring and crystal ford of the morning is, ere noon, a turgid and impetuous flood Within the last fifteen years no less than ten persons have perished in this rapid and dangerous river, in attempting to pass the ford in question, and this fact alone must at once prove the inestimable advantages of a safe and durable bridge and the immense obligation the people of the district are under to the spirinted gentleman by whose activity and enterprize so invaluable an auxiliary to their social and commercial inter- course has been constructed.

The name of the contractor who erected the bridge is Anderson, a resident of the Tumut, and the completion of the work docs infinite credit to his mechanical skill, for, though simple in its architectural character, its proportions are unobjectionable, whilst its great strength and durability are not to be questioned

It is not to be supposed that and settler in such times of depression as the present could afford to erect an expensne work of this sort for the public conyvience without a prospect of repayment, and when the work was first contemplated, several gentlemen of the neighbourhood, fully alive to the imnense advantages to arise from the proposed work, promised very liberal subscriptions whenever the job was taken in hand or completed the energy of one man soon consummated what the wishes and promises of the many would have left for ever undone, and the bridge was built Several feelers were put out during the progress of the work, which involved large outlay in advance, but the promised subscriptions were not forthcoming the hard frosts, with two or three honourable exceptions, appeared to have totaled hermeticelly the gentlemen's breeches pockets, or so benumbed their fingers that they could not write a cheque Still the budge was completed, and " Oh shame ' ' " Oh sorrow '" and " Oh Tumut honour '" the mand had freely advanced the cash for the whole work, was demened to the necessity, (" tell it not in Gith") of erecting a toll upon the bridge to reimburse himself some part of the outlay ?

This compulsory proceeding, so discreditable to the parties who had not performed their pledges, awakened some latent reflections in their minds as to the sanctity of a "promise to pay," and a movement has been made to discharge the debt, at least in part We trust that as the frosts are disappearing the seal will be removed from the pocket and the numbness from the fingers

It is much to be regretted that some spirited individual does not start a good four-horse coach to run between this and Yass, or between Yass and Albury the traffic is very great, and if a roomy, easy, and safe vehicle started, nine persons out of every ten who now ride the journey on horseback would travel by the coach. Those persons who have not made their wills, who have large families, or an instinctive and holy horroi of suicide, should (and do) abstain as much as possible from travelling in the present easy-to-be-upset-terrably-dangerous vehicles to which Her Majesty (God bless her') has given the sanction of her name for the conveyance of passengers If I were coroner of the district I do not know that I should say anything about it, but I really would suggest to the directors of the Life Assurance Company that they should make travelling by the Gundagai mail an exception to the payment of the policy holders expempted, and those unfortunate persons who are bored with annuitants, the vehicle is earnestly recommended as "a safe and easy medium" of ridding themselves of "nicumbrances - (Ref- The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954)(about) Previous issue Saturday 2 September 1848).

1876 - GUNDAGAI. September 6.

The high level bridge and approach over the Murrumbidgee River and the Gundagai Flats is three-quarters of a mile long, and only one roadway. No railed off portion for foot passengers. The roadway is some fifteen to twenty feet above the ground, and built upon piles. Persons passing over the bridge, more especially children going to and from school, are frequently very much alarmed and frightened at meeting wild cattle and horsemen riding furiously. Several narrow escapes from severe accidents and injury have occurred.

If recesses were placed every few yards along the approach they would form a haven of safety, easy of access for those in peril, as the only chance now of escape from extreme danger is to get over the railings, and hang on or fall some 15 or 2O feet to the imminent risk of life and limb. Several persons object to sending their children to school simply on account of the the safe nature of the bridge and its approaches to pedestrians.

The Brungle Bridge over the Tumut River is near completion. This will be a great benefit to those residing the other side of the Tumut River. During the winter months it is impossible to cross the Tumut River, except in boats. There is not the slightest doubt but the permanent opening of the Brungle Bridge will prove of great mutual benefit, both to the Gundagai tradesmen and the farmers living in the Brungle and Wagra a district, as Gundagai is by far their best and nearest market.

Tis strange, but true although we are in the midst of some of the finest agricultural lands in the colonies, yet we have to depend, in a great measure, upon outsiders for our cereals and potatoes. We have to draw our supplies of potatoes from Warrnambool, in Victoria, and Olrcular Head, in Tasmania. Oats from New Zealand are imported here cheaper and of a better quality than our local tanners will supply. If farmers would only study their own interests, they would see that their lands were well and deeply ploughed, kept free from weeds, and no seed used but what was clean, true to name and of the most prollllo character. Bad seed, combined with careless tillage, will prove unproductive, and always leave a market open for those of a mere thrifty and calculating character,

This district, unfortunately for the victums, abounds with real live larrikins, who take delight in borrowing your horse (when turned out to graze) without your permisión, and sweating him-riding him for two or three weeks, then turning him adrift, perhaps miles away; and when a reward is offered for the recovery of the horse, bringing him in for the roward.

Removing hobbles from horses is also a favourite pastime of these gentry. As some of the parties guilty of these practices are well known both to the Police and the public, a sharp look out will be kept over their movements, An association for suppressing such crimes, offering good rewards on conviction of offenders, would have a very deterrent effect on wrong-doers, and be productive of muoncood.

A circumstance came under notice the other day which is so good it is worthy off record. Not one hundred miles from Gundagai, exists a perfect antiquarian Knight of Templars, and a literul Johnny Allsorts, at whose emporium you may obtain almost whatever may be desired lrora ready made collins to groceries, draperies, dilapidated crockery and second hand furniture. Our friend is an able dealer and has frequently been heard to say, " no one Bubleto come the weather side of him in a burp aln.*' Amongst his multifarious dealings the purchasing of hides forms by means the least profitable branch of the concern. A party the other day went to the establishment with a hide for sale, one removed from the carcase of a beast that had died from starvation, owing to the inclemency of the past season. After considerable bat gaining on both sides, the hide changed owners, and was taken for safety into a back portion of the premises appointed for such material.

A few minutes after this transaction another vendor of hides appears, with one for sale, demanding the some price as the former seller obtained. bless nie, says the venerable purveyor; "I cannot give you as much for this; it not worth nearly as much; it is not so (food u hide by a great deal." After same discussion a bargain was struck, His money paid and the feller departed. Upon the new owner removing his purchase to the place where the former hide was deposited, lol the purchase of a few minutes before was not to be seen. The truth then became apparent, Bonie ode had abstracted the hide from its concealment, presented it again for sale, and our Irlend had actually repurchased his own property. Humour says it will be hard to try this little game on again.

A number of valuable dogs have been poisoned lately in the very heart of the town. This is a most reprehensible practice, deserving the Kreidest censure and punishment. It is to be hoped the new Aot for regulating the sale of poisons will have the effect of staying this wanton destruction, and in future enable the Police to find out and bring to justice the perpetrators of these vile and cowarly acts.

Numbers of cattle are still dying in the neighbourhood, The luxuious growth of the trefoils, induced by the the spring, has, too scouring an effect upon the weakened and emaciated stock and in consequence, those that the late severe season are too enfeebled now fall victims to the scour.

What ought not to be allowed in any town of importance regularly occurs here. Wandners stay and encamp in the middle of the town, drawing their waggons on one side of our narrow streets,feeding their horses at the waggons. Feeding horses in the day time might be excused, but when a number of horses are turned loose at night, rambling about the streets, watching every opportunity for yard and garden gates to be open to walk in and destroy the work and trouble of weeks, it is more than a joke; besides the cleaning of the encampment remains until a shower of rain washes it away.

An unusual number of teams all heavily laden have passed through here lately, giving quite an air of business activity to the town.

A man employed on the main road at Coolac attempted suicide yesterday by cutting his throat. No cause is assigned fortble mad freak. He was brought into the hospital for treatment, and is under the surveillance of the Police.

Mr. John Williams, butcher, died last night. Mr. Williams was a very old resident, and for some years had been a great sufferer from affection of the lungs. He leaves a widow and two children tolerably well provided for.

A large Chinese store is to be started here in a short time Mr. Thomas Field is retiring from business, and has leased the Emu store and premises to a Chinese firm. The coming storekeepers are, I believe, from Adelong, where, I am told, they carried on a large and lucrative business.

With our other advances into the requirements and created wants of advancing civilisation, no photographer has permanently settled amongst us. This gap, to a certain extent, will now be filled up. Mr. P. Rodgers has erected a temporary photographic studio, and if properly supported I have no doubt would remain as an institution of the town. - (Ref- Australian Town and Country Journal (NSW : 1870 - 1907)(about) Previous issue Saturday 9 September 1876)

1885 - GUNDAGAI, Thursday.- A large number of squatters and selectors are in and around the land office this morning with the view of taking up land.- (Ref- Australian Town and Country Journal (NSW : 1870 - 1907)(about) Previous issue Saturday 8 August 1885).

1887 - GUNDAGAI, Wednesday.

A very largely attended public meeting was held in the Assembly Hall last night for the purpose of electing a progress committee. Mr. H. Bowditch occupied the chair. It was decided that the new committee should consist of nine members, and that the election take place on Thursday next. 32 candidates were nominated, the majority of whom were proposed by a number of persons who attended apparently with the object of making a farce of the proceedings. The gentleman appointed as returning-officer to-day declines to act, hence the election must fall through. The conduct at the meeting is the all absorbing topic of conversation to-day.

Diphtheretic croup of a malignant type is prevalent in the Gundagai district. About 10 deaths among children have occurred during the past two weeks.- (Ref- The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954)(about) Previous issue Thursday 2 June 1887)

1891 - Gundagai.September 27

The Annual Stallion Parade, in connection with the A. and P. Society, was held on Saturday. There was not a large attendance of horses. but those present were much admired.

The following horse paraded: Mr. Charles Perry's Irish Home Rule, Guy Brothers' Grosvenor, Guy Brothers' Birdcatcher. Ponie B : A. J. Wilson's Bonnie Prince Charlie, James Robinson's Tim. Draught horses : G. H. King'a Clyde, H. Wilson's Southern Star, J. C. M'Lean'a Chieftain, F. Horaley'a Yabtree. Coachers : John Lawson's Romee, J. Potter's Beaconsfield, J. Illett's Victor. - (Ref- Australian Town and Country Journal (NSW : 1870 - 1907)(about) Previous issue Saturday 3 October 1891).

Gundagai. February 16.

At a Special Meeting of the Gundagai Municipal Council, held on Tuesday night last, Alderman W. Bibo, J.P., was unanimously re-elected Mayor of Gundagai, this being the third time consecutively that he has been elected Mayor. Messrs. Welch and Kyle were also elected auditors to the council.- (Ref- Australian Town and Country Journal (NSW : 1870 - 1907)(about) Previous issue Saturday 20 February 1892).



GUNDAGAI, Wednesday


The following are the stock movements for the past week:-

2000 sheep, Willie Ploma, on route to Cootamundra, James Graham owner, W. Freestone in charge;

270 head cattle, Pigeon Square to Nangus station, P. Daly in chargo;

160 horses from Kiandra, destination Tarramia, H. T. Witty owner, Gideon Telford in charge;

209 bullocks, Kimo, enroute to Darbalara, W. B. Smith owner, T. Downing in charge;

2000 sheep, Gillengroe to Yass, O'Brien owner, N. Besnard in charge :

10,500 sheop, Long Plain station to Canoon station, Austin and Miller owners, S. Anderson in chargo :

12,000 sheep, from Four Mile station, Kiandra, destination Gunbar, Armstrong Brothers owners, J, Riley in charge. - (Ref- The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954)(about) Previous issue Thursday 11 May 1893).


The wisdom of the contemplated action of the Government, in placing small leaseholders upon resumed estates, as provided for by tho Closer Settlement. Act, does not find favour in the eyes of the class of men at present in this district likely to avail themselves of the opportunities for making homes.

The principle of freehold is one that, seems inbred in the majority of young fellows, who eagerly scan the land notices in the local papers. They have unaversion to any system of tenure that would not give them an opportunity of doing as they liked. The generally expressed opinion is: "Supposing I wanted at any time to increase my area and. could get no adjoining land, it would mean that I would have to give up my holding for loss than its value and go to some other place where the requisite area was available." Several such eases have cropped up in connection with the homestead areas here, but then it maybe mentioned that, those acres have been used for grazing purposes alone, If the estates abovomentioned were subdivided, and the leasehold system brought into vogue, it may be that much of title prejudice now existing against it would vanish.

The reasons for saying so are many, but chiefly it may be said that the hind would probably be used for dairying mid mixed farming purposes, when every foot of country would be made to yield the highest return; and many of the present, class would have to go, for they cannot be brought to think of anything but how many sheep an acre of land would run. If these estates were cut up, would they find a ready sale? There is no doubt, in answering such a question. The ready sale of Muttama and the continuous rush for every block of land that is thrown open for settlement proves that. Besides, settlers who are land hunting are most desirable, in most, cases being sons of selectors and farmers, and are possessed of ample financial means, as has, time after time, been proved by the inquisitorial examination applicants are subjected to by the Land Board.

When the Billabong Estate Inquiry was being held by, the board, a number of would be settlers aware that they would be prepared to pay a yearly rental of 5s per acre for the laud and Billabong country having no comparison to Kimo, Nangus, or Mingay.

Some very high rents have been paid, and are being paid, for maize-growlng land--25s, jiOs, and ovon .10s per acre, But these are exceptional cases, and only in abnormal seasons giving big financial return be expected. - (Ref- Australian Town and Country Journal (NSW : 1870 - 1907)(about) Previous issue Wednesday 3 August 1904).


Page 222

Distance 245 miles South of Sydney

Mail closes at General Post Office daily 4 p.m.

Mail arrives at Post Town daily (Monday excepted) 10 p.m.

Mail leaves for Sydney daily (Saturday excepted) 1 a.m.

Mail arrives at Sydney daily 7.15 a.m.

Route - Rail Goulburn, Cobb's coach Gundagai


ADAIR Duncan Campbell miner Kimo Gundagai

ALT --- settler --- Gundagai

ANDERSON Peter farmer --- Gundagai

ANGEL Richard N. farmer Eurongilly Gundagai

APPLISBY Richard miner Eurongilly Gundagai

ARCHER William bootmaker --- Gundagai

BAKER Joseph butcher --- Gundagai

BALL John farmer Minghee Gundagai

BANER Henry bootmaker --- Gundagai

BANWELL Charles H. farmer Jones' Ck. Gundagai

BEGG John carpenter --- Gundagai

BENTON John gaoler --- Gundagai

BENTON W. C. hawker --- Gundagai

BEVERIDGE James farmer Wantabadgery Gundagai

BEVERIDGE John A. farmer Wantabadgery Gundagai

BIBO William baker --- Gundagai

BISHOP Samuel innkeeper Eurongilly Gundagai

BLAKE Jabez farmer Jones' Ck. Gundagai

BLAKE John farmer Jones' Ck. Gundagai

BLYTH Charles editor newspaper --- Gundagai

BODY E. C. settler Kimo Gundagai

BOOBY Charles farmer --- Gundagai

BOOBY Joshua farmer --- Gundagai

BOON Nathaniel farmer Wantabadgery Gundagai

BOOTES William farmer Adelong Ck. Gundagai

BOOTES William settler Mundarloo Gundagai

BOYTON Jabez farmer Wantabadgery Gundagai

BOYTON Peter farmer Wantabadgery Gundagai

BOYTON William farmer Nangus Ck. Gundagai

BREDFORD William miner Kimo Gundagai

BRENTON Alfred miner Kimo Gundagai

BRONTIE Martin waterman --- Gundagai

BROUGHTON Alfred grazier Muttama Gundagai

BURKE Charles innkeeper Spring Flat Gundagai

BURKE Michael farmer Spring Flat Gundagai

BURKE Patrick butcher --- Gundagai

BURKE Patrick T. innkeeper Eurongilly Gundagai

BUSHELL Joshua farmer Zeredatha Gundagai

CAMPBELL Dugald miner Kimo Gundagai

CARBURRY John farmer --- Gundagai

CARBURRY Joseph farmer Five-mile Ck. Gundagai

CARBURRY Michael farmer Cotway Ck. Gundagai

CARBURRY Nicholas farmer Gobarralong Gundagai

CARBURRY Thomas farmer Gobarralong Gundagai

CARDY William farmer --- Gundagai

CAREY Rodger settler --- Gundagai

CARRICK William H. farmer --- Gundagai

CARROLL Charles wheelwright --- Gundagai

CARROLL James farmer Coolac Gundagai

CARROLL Thomas farmer Coolac Gundagai

CARROLL William wheelwright --- Gundagai

CENTAURIE Angelo sheep inspector --- Gundagai

CLARKE Henry brickmaker --- Gundagai

CLARKE John farmer Yabtree Gundagai

CLARKE William farmer Muttama Gundagai

CLEMSON Edward farmer Nangus Gundagai

CLEMSON William farmer Nangus Gundagai

CLOSE George settler --- Gundagai

CONDELL James senior sergeant of police --- Gundagai

COOK William settler Mundarloo Gundagai

COOPER Beetson H. farmer --- Gundagai

CORBETT James tailor --- Gundagai

CORBETT Michael settler --- Gundagai

COVENY E. draper --- Gundagai

CRONAN James farmer Nangus Gundagai

CROWE James grazier Gobarralong Gundagai

CROWE John farmer Eurongilly Gundagai

CROWE John Joseph settler Gobarralong Gundagai

CROWE Michael innkeeper --- Gundagai

CROWE William farmer Gobarralong Gundagai

CROWE William jun. farmer Wagra Gundagai

CULLEN William warder --- Gundagai

CULLINANE Edward farmer Gobarralong Gundagai

CULLINANE William farmer Gobarralong Gundagai

CURRIE Patrick miner Kimo Gundagai

DALEY Peter farmer Mangus Gundagai

DAVISON R. & Co. storekeepers --- Gundagai

DEE T. W. H. Telegraph Department --- Gundagai

DOYLE Mitchell auctioneer Rosevale Gundagai

DUFFELL William labourer --- Gundagai

ELWORTHY James B. newspaper prop, auctioneer, com-agent --- Gundagai

EUGELINE J. B. miner Five-mile Ck. Gundagai

FALVEY Peter settler Gobarralong Gundagai

FEEHAN Michael settler Spring Flat Gundagai

FENNELL Daniel J. superintendent Nangus Gundagai

FIELD Thomas miner --- Gundagai

FIFIELD Samuel butcher --- Gundagai

FITZGERALD Michael settler Billybong Gundagai

FRY William innkeeper --- Gundagai

FULLER George settler Nangus Gundagai

FULLER William miner Emu Reef Gundagai

GEORGE Joseph baker --- Gundagai

GIDDENS Robert carpenter --- Gundagai

GRUBB George miner Kimo Gundagai

GRUBB Thomas miner Kimo Gundagai

HART Mark miner Kimo Gundagai

HAYES William H. miller Spring Flat Gundagai

HEAD Michael settler --- Gundagai

HEDGER H. labourer --- Gundagai

HILL Thomas miller Spring Flat Gundagai

HODSON E. G. blacksmith --- Gundagai

HOGAN Daniel farmer Nangus Gundagai

HORSLEY Richard F. grazier Yabtree Gundagai

HOSKINS Thomas farmer Jones' Ck. Gundagai

HUNT Charles carrier --- Gundagai

ISAAC John accountant --- Gundagai

JACKSON James clerk --- Gundagai

JAINES Mark carrier --- Gundagai

JENKINS John grazier Nangus Station Gundagai

JENKINS John F. grazier Nangus Gundagai

JENKINS William farmer Nangus Gundagai

JEREMIAS Augustus cordial manufacturer --- Gundagai

JOHNSON Herbert R. Bank NSW --- Gundagai

JOHNSON W. J. miner Kimo Gundagai

JONES Travers manager Mining Company Muttama Gundagai

KIEHONE Michael settler --- Gundagai

KIEHONE Nicholas settler --- Gundagai

KNIGHT George miner Kimo Gundagai

LEARY Humphrey innkeeper Wantabadgery Gundagai

LEATHEM Henry compositor --- Gundagai

LENEHAN Michael farmer Jamballa Gundagai

LYNCH Andrew miner Kimo Gundagai

LYNCH Edward miner Kimo Gundagai

LYNCH Patrick farmer --- Gundagai

MACKINS John draper --- Gundagai

MADDEN James bootmaker --- Gundagai

MALONEY C. C. teacher --- Gundagai

MANNING Rev. James Napoleon (C.E.) --- Gundagai

MARGOSCHIS Alex. --- --- Gundagai

MARONEY Patrick farmer Jones' Ck. Gundagai

MARSHALL Abraham bricklayer --- Gundagai

MAYNARD Henry carpenter --- Gundagai

MELYER Antonio farmer Spring Flat Gundagai

MOORE William miner Kimo Gundagai

MORANO Francis bailiff --- Gundagai

MORGAN Michael miner --- Gundagai

MORLEY Joseph carpenter --- Gundagai

MORRIS Charles miner Kimo Gundagai

MULHARE Anne --- --- Gundagai

MURPHY Daniel farmer Spring Flat Gundagai

MCALISTER John jun. settler --- Gundagai

MCALISTER John sen. settler --- Gundagai

MCCOOK William saddler --- Gundagai

MCELLIGOTT John sen. constable --- Gundagai

MCEVOY Jas. grazier Turrahandra Station Gundagai

MCGLEDE E. innkeeper Wantabadgery Gundagai

MCKENZIE Hector settler Eurongilly Gundagai

MCKENZIE John settler Eurongilly Gundagai

NEALE William L. carpenter --- Gundagai

NORRIS Charles stockman --- Gundagai

NORTON Michael storkeeper --- Gundagai

NYE Richard carpenter --- Gundagai

OAK Charles miner Kimo Gundagai

O'BRIEN John G. miner Kimo Gundagai

O'HAIR Thomas farmer --- Gundagai

O'SULLIVAN Daniel bootmaker --- Gundagai

O'SULLIVAN John bootmaker --- Gundagai

O'SULLIVAN William bootmaker --- Gundagai

PAINE William butcher --- Gundagai

PARKER Thomas settler --- Gundagai

PASSEY James miner Kimo Gundagai

PASSLOW George settler --- Gundagai

PASSLOW J. settler Spring Flat Gundagai

PERKINS R. W. solicitor --- Gundagai

PHILLIPS John innkeeper --- Gundagai

PILKINGTON G. D. D. settler --- Gundagai

PITMAN Joseph coachman --- Gundagai

PODURORE George farmer --- Gundagai

PRATT E. H. L., MD surgeon --- Gundagai

PUTLAND Jonathan farmer Spring Flat Gundagai

QUILTER John Joseph farmer --- Gundagai

QUINN James farmer Gobarralong Gundagai

QUIRK Michael farmer Wagra Gundagai

RANKIN Andrew C. manager Bank NSW --- Gundagai

RAY Robert blacksmith Nangus Gundagai

REAGAN Thomas settler Spring Flat Gundagai

REARDON Edward settler Jones' Ck. Gundagai

REARDON Patrick farmer Jones' Ck. Gundagai

REARDON Patrick jun. farmer Jones' Ck. Gundagai

REARDON Peter butcher --- Gundagai

REARDON Peter jun. farmer --- Gundagai

RILEY Robert carrier --- Gundagai

ROBINSON James innkeeper Kimo Gundagai

ROGERS Timothy grazier --- Gundagai

ROSE A. C. S. constable --- Gundagai

ROSS Benjamin settler --- Gundagai

RUDD Thomas farmer Nangus Gundagai

RUSSELL Henry storekeeper --- Gundagai

RYAN Patrick poundkeeper --- Gundagai

SCHMIDT Edward bootmaker --- Gundagai

SELLS John farmer Jones' Ck. Gundagai

SHANDHAN Edward farmer --- Gundagai

SHEATHER Edward farmer Kimo Gundagai

SMART James farmer Nangus Gundagai

SMITH A. S. auctioneer & commission agent --- Gundagai

SMITH C. post & telegraph master --- Gundagai

SMITH David CPS --- Gundagai

SMITH Edward settler --- Gundagai

SMITH William farmer --- Gundagai

SMITH W. K. grazier Bougongo Gundagai

ST. CLAIR James farmer --- Gundagai

STEWART Neil C. carpenter --- Gundagai

STRANGE James settler --- Gundagai

STRANGE Thomas settler --- Gundagai

STRATFORD Thomas miner Kimo Gundagai

STREATHER David farmer Nangus Gundagai

STUMPP H. fruiterer --- Gundagai

TRENVICK J. J. storekeeper Eurongilly Gundagai

TRUE Samuel mason --- Gundagai

VAUGHAN Thomas farmer --- Gundagai

VOGEL William settler --- Gundagai

WALDRON Richard miner Kimo Gundagai

WALKER M. & Co. storekeepers --- Gundagai

WALKER Michael --- --- Gundagai

WALSH Matthew groom --- Gundagai

WALTON Richard resident --- Gundagai

WATTS Thomas blacksmith --- Gundagai

WEIR David storekeeper Eurongilly Gundagai

WILLIAMS Charles settler --- Gundagai

WILLIAMS John farmer --- Gundagai

WILLIAMS William farmer --- Gundagai

WILSON W. B. innkeeper Five-mile Ck. Gundagai

WINDEYER Walter O. grazier Wantabadgery Gundagai

WINTON David farmer --- Gundagai

WITTON C. H. storekeeper --- Gundagai

WOLSTENHOLME Barcroft carpenter --- Gundagai

WOLSTENHOLME Joseph carpenter --- Gundagai

WOOLNOUGH William quartz crusher Kimo Gundagai

YOUNG Alexander farmer --- Gundagai







Greville 1872


Gundagai South Page 224

Distance 246 miles South of Sydney

Mail closes at General Post Office daily 4 p.m.

Mail arrives at Post Town daily (Monday excepted) 11 p.m.

Mail leaves for Sydney daily (Friday excepted) midnight

Mail arrives at Sydney daily 7.15 a.m.

Route - Rail Goulburn, Cobb's coach Gundagai South


ALLEN James labourer Punch St. Gundagai South

ARCHER George fencer Willie Plomer Gundagai South

ARGATE Joseph selector Stoney Ck. Gundagai South

BALMON William carpenter Willie Plomer Gundagai South

BARTON Mary poundkeeper Punch St. Gundagai South

BAXTER Joseph teacher Big Ben Gundagai South

BOLLARD William innkeeper Punch St. Gundagai South

BOON Nathaniel farmer Big Ben Gundagai South

BROOKES Joseph farmer Tarrebardra Gundagai South

BROWN William farmer Jarebandra Gundagai South

CARDY Edmund farmer Snowball Gundagai South

CARDY William farmer Snowball Gundagai South

COX Henry labourer Newtown Gundagai South

CRANE John farmer Willie Plomer Gundagai South - The oldest inhabitant of the district, Mr.John Crane, of Big Ben Creek, South Gundagai, died on Saturday. The late Mr. Crane settled on the Murrumbidgee River in 1831. He was highly respected. (Ref- Thu 25 Jul 1895 Page 2

CRESSER William constable Punch St. Gundagai South

CULLEN Thomas labourer Willie Plomer Gundagai South

DALY Edward tinsmith Mount St. Gundagai South

DARE William quarryman --- Gundagai South

DAVIS Thomas blacksmith Mount St. Gundagai South

DEIGHTON John innkeeper Mount St. Gundagai South

DEIGHTON William butcher Punch St. Gundagai South

DOYLE Edward labourer Mount St. Gundagai South

DOYLE Michael jun. labourer Mount St. Gundagai South

DOYLE Michael sen. auctioneer Rose Vale Gundagai South

DUCKER Benjamin labourer Newtown Gundagai South

DUCKER Gregory labourer Newtown Gundagai South

EDWARDS William grazier Willie Plomer Gundagai South

EGAN Patrick farmer Tumut Rd. Gundagai South

ELLIOTT Robert sen. carpenter Punch St. Gundagai South

ELLIOTT Robert jun. miner --- Gundagai South

ELLIOTT William labourer --- Gundagai South

ELPHICK Stephen labourer Newtown Gundagai South

FORDE Thomas butcher Mount St. Gundagai South

FORSTER Martha charwoman Mount St. Gundagai South

GEORGE H. selector Tarrebardra Gundagai South

GRATH Charles labourer Mount St. Gundagai South

GREEN John selector Big Ben Ck. Gundagai South

HANSON Henry carpenter Mount St. Gundagai South

HARLOM Patrick --- Taralandra Gundagai South

HAYES George selector Nangus Gundagai South

HAYLET Robert selector Big Ben Gundagai South

HECKNER John Martin farmer Eagle St. Gundagai South

HENDERSON Thomas, MD surgeon Mount St. Gundagai South

HODGE John farmer Snowball Gundagai South

HODGE Joseph farmer Snowball Gundagai South

ISAAC John --- Newtown Gundagai South

JAMIESON William farmer Snowball Gundagai South

JENKINS Henry innkeeper Mount St. Gundagai South

JESSOP William contractor Willie Plomer Gundagai South

JONES Thomas farmer Tarelandra Gundagai South

LEARY Jeremiah farmer Mary Vale Gundagai South

LEATHEM James printer Mount St. Gundagai South

LUFF Robert farmer Snowball Gundagai South

LYNCH M. J. teacher Tarelandra Gundagai South

MENLOVE William grazier Willie Plomer Gundagai South

MCLEAN John farmer Big Ben Gundagai South

MCLEAN John C. farmer Big Ben Gundagai South

MCCUTCHION James teacher Mount St. Gundagai South

MCEVOY James squatter Tarrebardra Gundagai South

MCGRATH James sen. farmer Jackalass Gundagai South

MCGRATH James jun. farmer Jackalass Gundagai South

NEIL Thomas slate quarryman --- Gundagai South

NICHOLAS Charles selector Big Ben Gundagai South

NICHOLAS James selector Snowball Gundagai South

ORCHARD Joseph plasterer Newtown Gundagai South

O'SULLIVAN Michael labourer Willie Plomer Gundagai South

OWEN William slate quarryman --- Gundagai South

PAGE George labourer Snowball Gundagai South

PALMER George labourer Newtown Gundagai South

PASSLON John blacksmith Mount St. Gundagai South

PLOWS David selector Big Ben Gundagai South

PLOWS James selector Big Ben Gundagai South

POLLOCK James horse breaker --- Gundagai South

POLLOCK John blacksmith Newtown Gundagai South

POTTER James labourer Mount St. Gundagai South

POTTER Robert labourer Taralandra Gundagai South

QUENNELL William labourer Newtown Gundagai South

REEF Denis farmer Wagra Gundagai South

REEF James farmer Wagra Gundagai South

SANDERS William farmer Tarrebardra Gundagai South

SANDERSON Edmond surveyor Tumlalong Gundagai South

SEARL Thomas selector Tumut Rd. Gundagai South

SMART Mary charwoman Town Common Gundagai South

SMITH John teacher Tarrebardra Gundagai South

STRUTH William farmer Big Ben Gundagai South

STUCKEY George farmer Snowball Gundagai South

STUCKEY Henry grazier Tumlalong Gundagai South

TUTTY Edward selector Stoney Ck. Gundagai South

VAUGHAN Patrick farmer Wagra Gundagai South

WARNUCK G. selector Meadow Bank, Tumut Rd. Gundagai South

WELLS Samuel storekeeper Punch St. Gundagai South

WHITE Robert labourer Town Common Gundagai South


Greville 1872 - The list you are currently browsing is from the Greville Postal Directory (NSW) from 1872.


Edgar Elliott, aged 19 years driving motor owned by Mrs. J. K. Elliott, of the Gundrgai motor garage, met with a shocking death, whilst driving a car over the "Gundagai" bridge, in avoiding two horsemen, alleged to be on the wrong side of the road, he crashed into a sulky coming in the opposite direction.

The shaft of the vehlcle penetrated the windscreen, and pierced Elliott's eye, and went through his brain. He was killed instantanly. Other occupants of the car escaped injury.- (Ref- The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954)(about) Previous issue Thursday 7 May 1925).

This report is submitted in good faith. All endeavours have been made to make all entries authentic and correct. For any corrections and additional valuable information, maps and photos you may have please contact John

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THE RESIDENT TEACHER and superintendent (Mr. Usher) has been appointed to take charge of the blacks at Brungle, twelve miles from Gundagai. Mr. G. O'Byrne, District Inspector of Schools, accompanied by Sub-Inspector Police, Mr James Cornet, visited Brungle on Saturday last, and marked out a site for the Superintendent's Residence, which is to be finished by August 1. Much satisfaction is expressed at this result, as the blacks are becoming a nuisance to neighboring selectors through not having a responsible person to look after them.

THE FOLLOWING SELECTIONS were applied for at the local Lands Office:

A. J.S. Bank, 60 acres, parish Nanangroe;

A.J.S. Bank, 60 acres,Bundarbo;

A,J.S. Bank, 60 acres, Bundarbo. - (Ref- Australian Town and Country Journal (NSW : 1870 - 1907)(about) Previous issue Saturday 12 July 1890)

157. Stuckey Peter. Name of run, "Willie Plumah".

Estimated area, sixty thousand acres. Estimated grazing capabilities, five hundred cattle and eight thousand sheep. On the north and east by the Murrumbidgee River, commencing at the junction of the Tumut with that river downwards (with the exception of the land marked out by the government for the township of South Gundagai to an imaginary boundary line about one mile to the north of Adelong Creek, running from the Murrumbidgee river to the Port Phillip road, then by that road to where it crosses the Adelong Creek, on the west by the Adelong Creek upwards to an imaginary boundary line between the Messrs. Johnston's and my run ; and on the south by an imaginary boundary line running from the Adelong Creek to the junction of the Tumut and Murrumbidgee Rivers, and dividing my run from those of Messrs. Johnston, Broughton, and Tooth.

158. Stuckey Peter, junior. Name of run, "Mathara".

Estimated area, sixty thousand acres, Estimated grazing capabilities, fifteen hundred cattle. Bounded on the north by a line running west for about ten miles from a marked tree on the river, at the junction of,the Gulpha Creek with the Edward, which line forms the south boundary of Mr. Boyd's Deniliquin run; bounded on the south by a marked line running west from the Red Bank Gulph Creek for about ten miles, which line forms Messrs. Lowe's and Throsby's north boundary; bounded on the east by the Edward River, which stream forms Mr. James M'Laren's west boundary line, and bounded on the west by a line. - (Ref- The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954)(about) Previous issue Monday 16 October 1848).

No. 10,10s. APPLICANT:-Ellen Elliott, South Gundagai. LAND:-County Wynyard, parish South Gundagai, shire Adjunbilly, 1 acre, in Tumut-street, South Gundagai allotments 4 and five section 3,- granted to Surah Elliott;, adjoining properties of J. M. Dodd and C. Deighton. Tha applicant claims the subject land by identification as against the next of kin of Sarah Eilliott, a former owner, who is alleged to have died in the month of February. 1SS5, intestate


Last Friday afternoon a somewhat singular occurrence took place in the vicinity of Jones' Creek. A man named John Hogan was engaged in assisting Mr Frank Norton of Gundagai in some work, when a storm came on accompanied by thunder and lightning. As the rain was falling heavily the man ran to his hut for shelter, but here he could enter it a flash of lightning was seen to strike the building, setting a bundle containing his clothes and blankets on fire and almost instantaneously destroying them. Strange to say no other damage was done, either to the hut or its contents, poor Hogan being the solo sufferer by this untoward event.

A private letter from Cootamundra, dated 20 th ult. states : — ' The weather continues very dry here, and rain is badly wanted, Grass and water are very scarce, and this is me wurst p.uu vi me uuiuuy j. uuvu sbbii iui water. A large number of selectors round about are beginning to wish they had never come here.'—' Yass Courier.' The Cootamundra correspondent of the ' Wagga Advortiser ' givesihe following items of news from that locality. He says, Question if there are more than 50 men employed in the cuttings between Cootamundra and Wagga, viz., the whole length of No. 3 section 60 miles; only eight between Bethungra and Wagga, that is in a space of 40 miles. The foundations for the stations are being laid at Yass, Bowning, and Binalong. The ballasting and permanent levels will soon be formed into the - Yass station ground, and it is probable the opening to Yass may take place sometime in April. A large space is reserved for the goods shed, as it is expected that this being the junction with the Gundagai, Adelong, Tumut and Tumbarunba roads will eusure a large amount of traffic. There is little doubt if the works were pushed on with spirit the line might soon be opened to Murrumburrah.

In mining the latest, and only intelligence, is that Elliott and party are crushing 30 tons at; Wilson's Reefer's machine.

On Wednesday a Crown Lands sale took place at the Court House, Gundagai, when the following lots were sold at upset price:—

40 acreB, Bongongolong, £1 per acre, Thos. Broughton, Muttama ;

40 acres 3r.26p, North Gundagai, £8 per acre, Charles Williams, Gundagai ;

la 2r 2Gp, North Gundagai, £8 per acre, Jas. McKenzie, Gundagai;

la 3r 26p, North Gundagai, £8 per acre, Jas. McKenzie, Gundagai ;

la 3r 26p, North Gundagai, £8 per acre, Edwd. Marshall, Gundagai ;

la 3r 26p, North Gundagai, £8 per acre, Jno. A. Marshall, Gundagai.

40 acres at Burra were withdrawn from sale in consequence of having been conditionally purchased by Catherine B. Plows.

It is considered, says the ' Wagga Express,'that ' the usual St. Patrick's Day races if held this year would clash with the Gundagai annual meeting, so it has been suggested to postpone them, as last year, until Easier.

We learn that there is some probability of making a two day's meeting of it, which could be easily managed if the residents be disposed to aid in the matter financially,' The following relative to cricket from the same authority may be of interest to our readers: — 'We understand that a communication has been received from the Tumut Club, announcing their willingness to play the Jones Cup/b> match with the local Club on Enster Monday.

The match with Adelong is to be played on the previous Saturday. Aa arrangements are in progress for an Easter race-meeting, it appears probable that the two sports will interfere with each other, but this may possibly be prevented by a rearrangement of dates by the cricketers.'

No. 3 of the Yass Freeholder's and Free selector's Advocate

is to hand. The subject matter is of a similar kind to that of a former issue, and its contents will no doubt prove interesting to that particular section of the community whose interests it advocates. Notwithstanding repeated warnings re lative to the danger which may accrue to both man and beast by throwing bottles and broken glass in all directions, there aro persons in the community who care little for the injuries they inflict on others by so doing. On Friday last a valuable horse, tho property of Mr Fry, of Fry's Hotel, Gundagai, having been let out of the stable into the adjoining yard, was indulging in rolling on tho ground regardless of consequences, which were speedily shown in some largo gashes on the animal's back. The injuries were promptly attended to, or had they not been would doubtless have proved serious. In tins instance children were censured' for throwing the broken bottles into Mr Fry's yard, but the real offender is, we have little doubt, of older growth. We are sorry to have to record the death of Mr Siefeldt, at his residenco in Gundagai. on Saturday last. The career of Captain Sie feldt (to use the name by -which he waB com monly known) is a good illustration of the ups and downs ot a man s me. j; or bdouc zv years he was mining in the Bright district, in Victoria, with varying success. About three years ago, being then possessed of considerable mearis/he and Mr Higsins, of Albury, and Mr Fred Shaw, of Yammatree Creek, left Bright with a crushing machine, which they first erected at Ournie ; but doing no good there, they removed the plant to Johnson's Hill. But now ill success followed them. Two years ago the Captain left Gundagai for the Palmer, being one of the first on that fatal gold-field. He told a harrowing- tale of his sufferings there. The flooded rivers pre vented the miners from obtaining supplies ? for days the Captain lived on nothing but grass — and when the Quensland Government Bent up supplies, they wore unable to cross tho river. The Captain, how ever, with three others, determined to try to cross the swollen river, then fully a mile wide, and succeeded in swimming across. Though doing well at the Palmer, he was compelled to leave through an attack of dysentry, and be considered that the hardships ho endured there were tho cause of the disease which has now ended fatally. Captain Siefeldt was a man ever ready to help his neighbour and was never discouraged by difficulties, but fully believing in the digger's motto ' Better luck next time ;' a man who, though quiet and retiring, yet posessed Buch sterling quali ties that hardly anyone in tho Bright distriot was more respected, and for few will thore be such general regret. He leaves a wife and two children behind him. We are happy to say his life is insured. He was buried nn Monday lust, prayers being read by- .the Rev. S. B. Holt, and several of our principal towns men followed his remains to their last resting place. — Communicated, A Cuuni of General Sessions will be held at the Gundagai, on Monday next, 7th inst, at which his Honor Judge Forbes will preside. We believe tho legal gentlemen who will attend him are Mr Murray, Crown Prosecutor, Mr Pring, and Mr Watkins. Last Friday at half-past four o'clock, p.m., a fire occurred at Mr Joseph Wolstenholme's, opposito Burke's butchery, Gundagai, when an old building composed of blabs and bark, and used as a blacksmith's shop, was burned to the ground, together with several panels of fencing. It is supposed to have originated by some sparks from the forge igniting, the bark roof. The fire was discovered by Mrs. Kelly, a neighbour of Mr Wolstenholme's, soon after he had left the premises. She promptly gave tho alarm to some passers by who rushed up and after pulling down the burning fence and throwing a large quantity of water on the building succeeded in arresting the progress of the flames. But for the prompt action of Mrs Kelly, as well as the timely assistance rendered by Messrs. Cullen, Freeman, and Crowe, the fire would soon have reached the adjoining premises, which being old could hardly have escaped total destruction. The loss will fall heavily on Mr Wolstenholme, who has by this calamity lost lilt, bellows and a number of tools.

On Friday last a somewhat serious accident happened to a boy named James Funnell, 10 years of age. He was travelling with his father, a teamster on the road from Tumut to this town, and while crossing Cookamaroo Hill was engaged in chocking the wheel of the waggon which suddenly coming down on a stone completely smashed the middle finger of his right hand.

Amputation was at first considered necessary, but under Dr. Marshall's treatment the bones being set, he is progressing favourably.

As advertised, the Asiatic Cirons appeared here on Saturday evening last to a large audience. Owing to a break down of one of the waggons on the road, the arrangements for performing were not complete till a late hour, the audience however took the disappointment good humouredly, aud the fine feats of horsemanship, the amusing jests of the clown, and the Japanese performers gave universal satisfaction.

On Saturday, Mr B. Cooper, slaughterman for Mr Payne, butcher, of Gundagai, while engaged in dressing a beast which had just been killed, in his hurry accidentally stuck the knife he was using into his right leg two inches below the knee, severing several blood vessels and muscles. He was conveyed to Dr. Marshall's surgery in a cart, where the wound was attended to, and serious consequences averted.

The weather has been extremely hot lately; on Friday last the thermometer registered 100 and on Monday 102° in the shade. The heat is still very oppressive, notwithstanding the change to a milder temperature. On Friday last a young girl named Carrigg, residing at Spring Flat, received a coup desoleil or sunstroke, which has happily not resulted in serious consequences. All persons who are exposed to excessive heat during the day should guard well against sunstroke, which at the present appears very prevalent. Without proper precaution, there is litllo doubt other injuries of a like nature will be reported. On Saturday week

Mr H. Moon, Jun., of Adelong Crossing Place, was driving a watercart with two horses in company with Mr Sinclair, the Road Contractor. When opposite Mr Smart's a heavy thunderstorm came on, during which a telegraph post was struck by a fire ball, which splintered it into a number of pieces.

Mr Moon was knocked down by the force of the shock, and his horses being frightened ran away, but were eventually stopped by Mr Sinclair. On Moon's regaining his legs he felt stupid, but was not further injured. He considers it was indeed a narrow escape.

The Oidium TuckcriSNw has made its appearance in the neighbourhood of Adelong Crossing. The suhplur remedy is being employed with good results, and it is hoped further ravages of the disease may be arrested. We are requested to slate that members of the Gundagai Literary Institute can exchange books any afternoon except Saturday, between the hours of 2 aud 4 o'clock, and on Wednesdays up till six o'clock. A flook of wethers numbering 291&, the property or itir uioos oi ceriooiig, in cuarge of Mr J. Cotton, crossed the bridge, en route for the Melbourne market, on Wednesday last.

The following approved claims to Preemptive Leases are notified in the ' Gazette ' of 29th alt., and are re-published for general information : —

Jacob Bushell, Gundagai, 960 acres

Joseph Bushell, Gundagai, 960 acres

Joshua Bushell, sen., Gundagai, 960 acres.

Rebecca L. M'Mnnus,. Coolac, 1920 acres

Joseph Flynn, Jugiong, 120 acres

Patrick T. Burke, Claiendon, 501 acres

John O'Brien, Coolac, 500 acres

Patrick Sullivan, Coolac, 150 acres

Henry Jenkins, Gundagai, 360 acres

Michael Benehaa, Cootamundra, 400 acres

Matthew Sawyer, Bethungra, 192.0 aores

A liniri T.nnrffnr. TWtirriimhiirrflli. 120 acrss

William J. Givney, Brungle, 240 acres

Hugh Sinclair, sen., Bethungra, 960 acres

Murdock A. McKenzie, Bethungra, 960 acres.

Walter O. Windeyer, Gundagai, 900 acres Edwavd G. Adams, Gundngai, 1920 acres Jas Franklin, sen., Adelong Crossing,. 240 acres Prancis Flynn, Jugiong, 300 acres Margaret Sinclair, Bethungra, 600 acres. Patrick Kcane, Gundagoi, 360 acres Michael Galvin, Jun., Cootamundra, 430 acres.

John A. Hmgerty, Cootamundra, 120 acres John Hingcrty, Cootamundra, 960 acres John Hides, sun., Adelong Crossing, 390 acres, Wra J. Moore, Gundagai, 360 acres Henry Hatoly, Cootamundra, 600 acres Patrick Hennessey, Cootamumlrn, 240 acres; ?William Hennossy, Cootamundra, 240 acres Alfred N. Taylor, Cootamundra, 1920 acres Jas J. Worthington, Oootamundra, 060 acres Joshua Wilding, Bethungra, 900 acres Nathaniel Boon, South Gundogai, £40 acres Arthur Sharp, Tumut, 840 acres H. J. Sharp, Tumut, 1500 acres W. Peterson and F. Sargood, Tumut, 960 acre* Wm Grady, Jun., Tumut, 120 acres

Thos Veitch, Jun., Tumut, 300 acres

Ann Cardy, Tumut, 240 acres

Thos Parker, Adelong, 300 acres

Edward L. S. Cottara, Tumut, 480 acres

Ralph Cottara, sen., Tumut, 480 acres

Chas'. J. Niclnll, Tumut, 960 acres

John Benson, Tumut, 960 acres

Michael O'Brien, Cootamnndra, 960 acres

James O'Connor, Cootamundra, 96O acres

James Curtin, Tarcutta, 960 acres

Elena O'Brien, Cootamundra, 600 acres

William Farrier, Caramundra, 180 acres

Henry J. Ferrior, Coramundrn, 120 acres

Patrick Conroy, Coramundrn, 300 acres

John Quinn, Cookamundra, 960 acres

Patrick Quinn, Coraranndra, 900 acres

Sarah Quinn, Coramumlra, 900 acres

Thomas Quinn, Cootamundra, 90O acres

Thomas Mulcahy, Cootamundra, 120 acres

Patrick Lonano, Cootamundra, 900 acres.

The Rev. W. Anderson has been appointed to the parish of Cootammidra, and will enter without delay upon the duties of his office.

A cricket match came off at Cootamundra; on Anniversary Day between the Cootamundra and Young clubs, resulting in a victory for the former with five wickets to spare. A dinner was given in honour of the visitors at the Albion Hotel on the same evening. On Thursday Mrs Rogers, wife of Constable Rogers, received a severe sunstroke rendering her for sometime seriously ill. She is under the care of Dr McKillop we are happy to state she is progressing favorably.

It is notified in the 'Gazette' of 1st inst. that sales of Crown Land will take place at the Police offices Gundagai and Tumut, on Wednesday, 8th of March. , . ,

This morning at about 9 o'clock a fire, which might have been attonded with serious consequences, occurred in a calf-pen at the back of Mrs Davison's. The fire, which was caused by several boys smoking near some straw, was fortunately discovered in time and promptly extinguished were much damage was done.

Not long since we had occasion to record particulars of a fire on the Alfred Bridge from a similar cause. In the present hot weather the least spark may ignite combustible material, which once alight may not be easily subdued. We are pleased to state that the Brungle Bridge is to be proceeded with at once. The contractor's staff of workmen arrived yesterday, and Mr Kingdon is expected here to-day. ' In addition to the particulars already published relative to Mr Wolstenholme's circular saw mill, we are informed that the engine is. of 6 horse power and_will be ready to start in about three weeks time. It is being erected at the head of Jackalass creek about, 4 miles from town, and when once in working order will be able to supply sawn timber for build ing purposes in any qurntity.

Mr J. B. .Engelen, a Belgian by birth, received letters of naturalization and took the oath of Allegiance at the Police-conrt, on Thursday 3rd itiBt, being thereby admitted to all the privileges of a British subject.

The following selections were taken up at the Gundagai land-office. - (Ref) - The Gundagai Times and Tumut, Adelong and Murrumbidgee District Advertiser (NSW : 1868 - 1931)(about) Previous issue Friday 4 February 1876 Next issue Previous page Page 1 2




On being asked to write an article on either Gundagai, Tumut or Adelong, naturally my choice is Gundagai, my birth place, and where I spent my early girlhood years.

I think I am safe in saying Gundagai is one of the oldest inland towns in Australia. In the very early days Gundagai, on the banks of that splendid river, the Murrum bidgee, was the main camping place for the early overland travellers, going through from Sydney to Melbourne.

One can quite understand travellers camping on its banks, when in flood, probably waiting for weeks, at one time, for travellers had to ford the river, but in later years, a punt was used, which must have proved a boom to those old nioneers with true British hearts of oak, and to whom we owe so much.

Prior to 1852, Gundagai was built on the flat, below the present town, but, in the year above, the Murrumbidgee flooded its banks, with disastrous results. The town was completely washed away, and many people were drowned, although it is said the natives gave the white people ample warning of the coming flood. Gundagai is now built well up on the side of the hill, above flood level.

While mentioning the river I might say that a disastrous flood occurred in 1870. Gundagai has always produced brave men during times of flood; men who risked their lives to save others, notably ,B.Mr.John Reardon, now living at Cootamundra. His bravery was so much thought of that he was presented with the Humane society medal. There are many others, but I regret I do not know their names.

Gundagai has, from the early days, been looked upon as a good pastoral district, the best of cattle and sheep country, with what we can safely say a very good even rainfall. Thousands of fat bullocks left the district from some of the old cattle stations, via the stations of the late Mr Jenkins, at Nangus, that of the late Mr. James Robinson, Kimo Estate; also Mount Horeb, Darbalara and Muttama Estates.

Muttama Estate, in the early days, was one of the biggest in the district, and reached from Cootamundra to Gundagai and was noted for the number of wild horses running there, which when they became too numerous, had to be captered and disposed of and many were the 'busters' discussed at the camp fires at night.

As years rolled on, Gundagai became noted as a good gold country. Spring Flat, a mile out of town, made quite a name for itself. It proved to be very rich in yellow gold. metai. mere were a cuujjic ui. uuww there, one of which still remains, as I an old landmark of those days, and is now occupied by one of my father's old friends, Mr. William Carriage

About this time gold was discovered up Jones' Creek, and like Spring Flat, many old shafts are to be seen at both places.

Bushrangers visited there many years ago. The best known was Captain Moonlight, who stuck up the Wantabadgery Station homestead, between Gundagai and Wagga. He was tried in the Gundagai Court House and sentenced to death. There are many landmarks in the district, such as the old flour mill at Spring Flat. Gundagai has become one of the biggest producers of maize in the State.

One of the biggest advertisements Gundagai has got is the song, 'Back to Gundagai.' Gundagai, may you ever prosper, is my wish.



Plenty of wet. Muddy streets.

Fun of the day— the boot war.

Go to Comino Brothers for oysters.*

Tumut Hospital Ball returned a profit of £40.

Council are fixing up acetylene gas lamp in main street.

Two more deaths at Albury from the mysterious,' spotted fever.'

The Council has been granted, an extension of time to frame its by-laws.

The condition of Mr Sheather, Adelong Crossing, continues precarious.

Hospital house to house collections now being taken up. Last day to-day (Saturday.).

On Wednesday last Mr W.E. Kyle held a successful sale of Mr D. Smith's store goods, tip top prices being realised.

The appointment of Mr Geo. J. Johnstone as teacher of Lower Tarcutta provisional school has been confirmed.

At Tumut, this week, Miss Mell, honorary organist at the Anglican Church, was presented with a purse of 20 sovereigns.

It is stated that one of the men who attempted to join the navy in Sydney this week was a soldier in the Boer army in the recent war.

The basket social in the Assembly Hall, Adelong Crossing, on Wednes- day evening was most successful, considering the inclemency of the weather.

On a tree at the rear of his residence in Sheridan-street, Mr D. Price has this season grown splendidly-flavoured winter pears which average 2 lb in weight.

The jury in the case of Alfred Russel, charged with the murder of Herbert R. Stewart, at Leichardt, returned a verdict of not guilty, on the grounds of insanity.

Miss Ada Dempsey has been in a critical condition during the week. —

Miss Kitty Luff, who was in such a bad way during the early part of the week, is now on the mend.

The Small Debts cases set down for hearing at the local Court on Monday next will probably be postponed, on account of that day being a holiday, until the following Monday.

The local electoral authorities are in a fix over the new electoral boundaries. No rolls for the new electorates have yet been prepared, and applications which are being put in for new and substituted rights have to be put aside until something definite is known.

Mr J. McInerney, who has been in Sydney during the past few weeks, has undergone three operations, and result finds his hearing greatly improved. He left for Dubbo this week to attend the annual conference of the Farmers and Settlers Association.

The members of the Public Service Board absolutely deny the charge that the New South Wales civil service is 'packed with Roman Catholics.'

Mr Barling, chairman of the board, states that religion has nothing whatever to do with appointment to the civil service, no distinction being made as to denominations.

A MEETING was held at Brungle on Wednesday night to form a Debating Society.

About 20 members were enrolled, and Mr Hubbard was elected

President. Mr Christie formed a Ministry.

The initial debate will take place on Wednesday, and a burning question has been chosen by the Premier, namely, 'Is it desirable that a Labor Ministry should hold office in the Federal Parliament.' The Premier (Mr Christie) will lead in the affirma- tive, the Opposition being led by Mr Murray.

The local Council has received the following communication, dated 31st May, from the secretary of the Board of Health, Sydney: — 'Replying to your letter of 19th instant and follow- ing an interview this morning with his worship the Mayor of Gundagai, I am directed to inform your authority that it has been granted an extension of time until 15th July next for ad- option of by-laws under the Nuisances Prevention Act. I am to add, however, that considering the length of time which has already elapsed in connec- tion with this matter, no further ex- sion can be allowed.'

The usual monthly meeting of the Benevolent Society was held on Wed- day evening when there were present: Mosdamos Ryan (chair), Wookos, Cor nett and Messrs' Jenkins, McElligott, Quigloy, Marshall' and Sullivan. Tho visiting committee reported having aided two families and ono sick travol lor. Accounts totalling £1 9s. woro passed for payment. Visiting com mittee for Juno — Mrs Hunt and Missos Quigloy and McElligott. It was do cidod to hold tho annual mooting of subscribers on Wednesday, Oth July, and Messrs AV. Bibo and A. Loary wuiu ii|njuiiiLun.iu mmib iiiu cucioty s books. It was reported that tho usual consignment of blankots voted the soeioty by tho Government had not yot arrivod. Tho soototnry said Mr. Barnes had boon writton to about tho maltor.

Mrs. Dowsett, wife of Mr. J. 1 Dowsett, died at her husband's residance on Wodnosday morning. Do coasod had boon sufforing for tho last six months, and a fow weeks ago in? fluonza attackod her, on top of hor othor illnoss. Dr. O'Dwyor fought hard to savo Sfrs Dowsott's lifo, and on Sunday mot Dr. Griffiths in consul tation, but all of no avail. Deceased was a daughter of Mr. J. Hargroavos, Tarrabandra, who last year lostnnothor marriod daughter, Mrs Rivers. Only 38 yoars of ago, Mrs Dowsott loaves a young family of two children, nnd hor loss to hor family is a sad ono. The f unoral took placo on Thursday, tho remains boing convoyed by troin to Tumut, intorinont taking place in tho Mothotlist comotory at that j)laco.

On Wednesday evening Ir.^t tho annual installation of olficors in con nection with tho local Masonic Lodgo took placo at tho Lodgo room. Bio. J.. Elphiclc, Adolong, installed tho fnllr,,,.;,,.-. nflinnva' ? IV 'XT 1?,.,, 1'- n S. Bruco; I.P.M., Wor. Bro. W. Glasscock; S.W.,Bro. J. J.L. Grubl); J.AV., Bro. C. O. Wornor; Spc, Wor. Bro. R. Crokor ; Troas., AVor. Bro. J. H. Joromias; S.D., Bro. A. Truo; ..T.I)., Bro. T. W. . McCrodio ; I.n., Bro. J. J. Cornett; Tylor, P.m. AV. 11. Carr; Organist, ISro. T. AV. 1'ackor: ]fir. of Coromonios, Bro. S. Wright; Clmplain, AVor. Bro. Dixon : Stowards, Bros. H. Donnis and G. Armstrong. Aflortlu? iustnllatiuu thn iisiuil 1. ali- quot was held at Tmcoy's Hotel. Cast you eyo ovor E C. O' Sullivan's advt. Smokers don't neglect.* Monday noxt will bo a public holi day — Princo of AValos' Birthday, ac cording to our law.

The Syrian hawkor Harra Dean, who brutally murdered Charles Smith, near Picton, was found not guilty at Sydnoy Criminal Court on Thursday, thejury deoming him insano.

The death occurrod on Monday ovoning of Mr. IT. Kershaw, of Bom bowloo. A fow wooks ago ho scratch ed his arm, and applied some sheep dip to it, with tho result that blood poisoning sot in, causing death. A Youxa man named John McNa mara, resident of Goobragaudra, died in tho Tumut hospital last wook, from nil internal disorder, supposed to havo arisen from eating plentifully of water melon out of season.

The next meeting of the Debating Society will be n slight innovation, nnd will be devoted to tho reading of papera contributed by members. This, it is thought, will give tho ' bashful j'oung men ' an opportunity of oxprossing thoir thoughts on paper. A reniarkablo operation has been -.performed in TJtahon a baby who had swallowed a nail. A long curved pioco 'of stool attached to a powerful eloctro magnot was pushed down tho ?wind- pipo, and whon tho ourront was turned on, the nail booamo attached -..'to tho stool, and was withdrawn. .Tho ob striiction was takon from n point bloso. to tho child's hoart, the aurgoons. be- ing - unable, to oinploy tho: usual in struments.' . ' ;_'?''.. :!--;:-' ?'.?y.- .V. ?'?.'? \'{ In a nuinbor of country; towns fictit ious Common woaltli P.O.- orders have boon passed on tradosnion during tha past wook. Two for £5 and»£10 were presented for paymonf. The. imitation is good enough to deceive any person who does not submit it to close inspect ion. There is howover, !a difforenco in the typ'o, that usod for thefictitious not being quite so plain as in tho or dinary P.O. Tho paper also is slight ly thinner, and tho odgos 'aro some what roughly cut. Giindagai business folk nro requested to remember this. Woods' Groat Peppermint Cure, for Coughs nnd Colds novpr fail. Is G&. . ? ?; Mr. AV. E. Kyus, President of tho Gundagai Debating Society, had occa sion, on Thursday evening, to; mako some caustic, but necessary, remarks on the behaviour of ono or two young, sparks -who. congregato at the door of tho hall. Like tho story .of ', Tlio Boys and tho Frogs,' this conduct ma}' bo vory funny to tho youths who indulgo in it, but it is vory irri tating to tho speakers and . audience This incipient larrikin ism must bo squelched, and Mr. Kylo .intonds to put tho extinguisher on it in a manner' which will havo a salutary effect. ' In the courso of an address deliv ered at Wodonga, Mr Fonton, tho or ganising secretary of tho Victorian j.injjugt.j i.Loiuuinviu** cunt, iiiu yjij'ijit erativo Eabbit Trajipors' Association of Australia, dwelt on tho onormous strides which had been , mado by the j'abbit industry. Tho Rabbit trndb with Great Britain and South Africa was now equal to £300,000 a year, and was capablo of groat expansion. If Mr Chamberlain's preferential trade schomo succoodod, Australia would bo benefited considerably, tlio gain boing ostimatod to bo closo on £250,000 a year. . ,' , . :? At tho Warden's Court on Thurs day last, before Mr. Warden Bruco, tho following assessments woro mode : — A Cauvarol, 5 acros, portion 268, parish North Gundagai, surfaco dam ago ;C1, rent -Is per aero; AV. A. Rob inson, . 9 acres, portion 228, parish North Gundagai, surfaco damago £1, rent 'Is por aero; AV. Morton, addi tional shaft, portion 55, parish North Gundagai, surfaco damago 10s ; F. Fitzpatrick, additional shaft, portion 02, Spring Flat, surfaco damago 10s. D. McDonald, additional shaft, por tions 29G and 155, parish Coolnc, sur faco damago 10s.

A young married woman, residing at Black Range Crook, near Albury, had a narrow escape from a terrible death on Tuesday. She was walking along a creek to find her children, when her husband, who was watching her, noticed her disappear suddenly, as if swallowed by the earth. Running to the spot he noticed a deep shaft, the opening of which was almost hidden by grass.

From the bottom of this shaft, which was 80 foot deep, and contained some 20 foot of water, his wife's voice came. Dos-' conding by moans of a ropo ho found his wife sustaining herself above water by keeping her back to one side of the shaft and her foot squarely against tlhe other. When brought to the surface it was found that Mrs Bishop had escaped with a light bruse on one leg nnd a sprained ankle — truly a marvellous escape.

On Thursday evening the usual meeting of the Debating Soeioty was held, when there was a very good attendance of mombors and tho public. Mr W- E. Kylo was in tho chair, and rogrotted thai owing to tho prevailing opidomic, and othor causes, thoso who had promisod to sing, had not turned up. Tho ovoning would, thorofonv bo dovotod to impromtus. Tho hon. sec, Mr. G. L. Graham, sang two songs, in a pleasing manner, 'arid 'Mr. j O. Smith gavo two recitations. Tho' Promior, Mr. AValsli, spoko on 'NotJi-! ing,' and evolved a vory nice littlo' impromptu out of nothing. Mr. Sib thorpo was asked to givo his opinion anont tho war, and unhositatingly opined that Russia would como but oil top. Mr. Dixon spoko of tho dangor ous complications which may aviso out of tho prosont struggle ; f ho dnngor of England boing onibrpilcdi as (in ally of Japan. Gormany was oponly pro-Russian, but, on tlio otjior hand, America had to bo reckoned with, and with tho 'Stars and Stripes' and Union Jack-, floating in unison, thoro would bo littlo to fear. AVo would liko to hoar Mr. Dixon oftonor. Mr. Kelly spoko on ' Dogs' in general, and no dogs in paiticular, and also gavo an amusing Irish yarn. Mr. Sibthorpo said a few words on the advantages to be gained from debating societies. Mr. W. A. Wright spoke on the 'Trials of Publi Speaking,' Judging f rom 'Mr. Wright's own effort the makes light of the trials, as he made a very happy and interesting speech. The meeting adjourned at an early hour. - (Ref- The Gundagai Independent and Pastoral, Agricultural and Mining Advocate (NSW : 1898 - 1928) Sat 4 Jun 1904 Page 2 TOWN TOPICS.)